Two months later, once his recovery was well underway, I let the adjuster ask Alex questions about the accident. When you are injured by another driver’s negligence, it is that driver’s liability coverage you will be seeking in your claim. Now imagine that the hatch didn’t just open on its own, but that it was caused by a collision. If you use your social media accounts to discuss the incident or to badmouth the other party, this could negatively impact your ability to resolve your claim.Read More
If your child has been seriously injured because of someone else's negligence, the combination of feelings of grief at the tragic event can be amplified by those of betrayal and deep anger. When we send our children to school, day care centers, nurseries and to visit friends, we understandably expect they will be cared for. All too many children are tragically injured because of carelessness in these settings.
Families should be afforded all resources to heal as best as possible. You can file for a compensation claim if your child has been injured on/due to:
- School buses
- Field trips
- Child sexual abuse
- Day care centers
We hope that our children never fall victim to serious accidents or injuries. Unfortunately, negligent individuals, property owners, and companies cause thousands of children to suffer fatal injuries each year in the United States. The livelihood and well-being of our most vulnerable population is often taken for granted for the sake of turning a profit, neglecting proper safety procedures and protocols in the process.
Taking Action To Assert Your Rights: Parents should not have to fear for their child’s safety when on the roadways, in the hospital, or on another person’s property. When the unthinkable happens to your child, you need a personal injury lawyer with the legal resources and experienced team of legal professionals to handle your case.
If you decide to hire a lawyer, he will be able to survey through this list and add the items that fit with your case. This will aid in the personal injury calculation and setting the right amount of money. Our child injury lawyers will bring their extensive experience and expertise to allow in the pursuit of justice for you and your child.
what type of injury case you have?
Recent legal blog posts
You can see any doctor you want, and the insurance must pay up to your limits as long as it meets the above requirements. To date, Charlie still has not had surgery on his knee. Mariella was driving through a parking lot when another driver backed out of a parking space and T-boned Mariella’s vehicle, throwing her head and body from side to side. I can understand, on a very personal level, the worry that delay brings because of a non-accident related experience I had that I’ll now share with you to illustrate the point.Read More
You don’t climb mountains without a team, you don’t climb mountains without being fit, you don’t climb mountains without being prepared and you don’t climb mountains without balancing the risks and rewards. It is essential that your lawyer know what the instructions will be before he starts presenting evidence. If you are involved in a motorcycle accident, you should follow the same steps outlined in our car accident FAQs: Call the police, gather information, take photographs, and seek medical attention.Read More
It helps to sketch a scene of the wreck. So lesson learned - make sure everyone stays at the scene of the wreck so a full report can be taken from all drivers, passengers, and other witnesses when possible. Permanent Injunction Defense: Do not any insurer argue they are bound by a “permanent injunction” pursuant to the March 6, 2002 Mabry Order, and therefore, must use the 17c methodology and nothing more. Subrogation Claims: In addition to the medical liens discussed previously, other companies or agencies that made payments to your health care providers will have their hands out asking for a piece of your settlement pie.Read More
Top Lawyers Pick
- John T. Edwards
- Terry A. Ekl
- Andrew Funk
- Jill S. Bollwerk
- Andrew M. Friedman
- Ira H. Goldfarb
- Benjamin Pinczewski
- Traci M. Hinden
- Rob Sullivan
- J. Kevin Holmes
- Richard N. Laminack
- Robert D. Howell
John T. Edwards
John T. Edwards founded his Boise law firm in 1992 as a general practice with a focus on injury cases. In 2004, he joined fellow attorney Kurt Holzer in forming a partnership, creating Holzer Edwards, Chtd. In 2017 they merged with the Hepworth firm to form Hepworth Holzer LLP. At the firm, Mr. Edwards continues to focus his practice on protecting the rights of the residents of the Boise area, nearby Meridian and surrounding western Idaho. Today, injured victims and their families know to turn to him for help pursuing compensation after suffering losses stemming from a variety of causes, including the following:,• Car, truck and motorcycle accidents,• Bicycle accidents,• Commercial vehicle accidents,• Airplane accidents,• Premises liability,• Wrongful death,Mr. Edwards began his legal career in 1990 after earning his law degree from the University of San Diego School of Law and his admission to the Idaho State Bar. In addition to his approval to practice law in all of Idahos state courts, the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho also granted its approval for him to practice in its courtrooms.After a nearly 30-year legal career, attorney Edwards has a reputation as one of Idahos leading personal injury lawyers. He is a regularly requested guest speaker, and he is the author of Idaho Injury Law: A Guidebook for Injured Idahoans. In addition, he has earned a number of honors from both his clients and his peers that serve as evidence of his outstanding reputation, which include a Very Good rating from Avvo and an AV Preeminent peer-review rating from Martindale-Hubbell.Mr. Edwards is an active member of the legal community and his local community. He is a member of numerous legal associations, including the American Association for Justice and several community organizations, including Les Bois Kiwanis, where he is a past president.AV®, BV®, AV Preeminent® and BV Distinguished® are registered certification marks of Reed Elsevier Properties Inc. used in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards and policies. Ratings reflect the anonymous opinions of members of the bar and the judiciary. Martindale-Hubbell Peer Review Ratings fall into two categories – legal ability and general practice standards.
Terry A. Ekl
A former First Lieutenant and member of the United States Marine Corps, Terry A. Ekl is a founding member of Ekl Williams & Provenzale Llc. In both criminal and civil cases, he is a tireless advocate for his clients. He has over four decades of law practice and experience in the felony trial division of the Cook County Assistant States Attorneys Office.Mr. Ekl has represented a long list of professional athletes, government employees, municipalities and corporations such as Google, Koch Industries, Suntory Industries and Navistar International, Inc. Politically engaged and active in the community, he is a fellow for the American College of Trial Lawyers and a member of several professional organizations such as The Chicago Bar Association and the DuPage County Bar Association.A graduate of the University of Illinois, Mr. Ekl earned a degree in political science in 1970 before attending Northwestern University where he obtained a Juris Doctor in 1973. In several high-profile cases, he has obtained successful settlements and verdicts in civil rights cases, wrongful death cases and malicious prosecution cases.Mr. Ekl is admitted to practice in Illinois, as well as before the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Illinois, the United States Supreme Court, the Trial Bar of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the Supreme Court of Illinois. As a volunteer football and baseball coach, the vice president of the West Suburban Foundation for Disabled Veterans and the chairman of the DuPage Family Fun Days to benefit special Olympic athletes, Mr. Ekl shows his investment in the local community and his clients.
Attorney Andrew Funk is a co-founder and partner of the Funk Riemann law firm in Kansas City, Missouri. A highly versatile lawyer, Mr. Funk focuses his practice on representing the rights and interests of a diverse range of clients throughout the state and across the country who have legal needs involving any of the following practice areas:,Business and business owner disputes,Sexual harassment and discrimination,Employer retaliation,Personal injury,General civil litigation,Prior to establishing his own practice, Mr. Funk worked for nearly a decade as a trial attorney, where he litigated discrimination claims and other high-stakes disputes for some of the largest Fortune 500 companies in the nation. Along with possessing extensive trial experience, Mr. Funk is also very effective with arbitration and mediation and helping to negotiate favorable settlements for his clients without the need for expensive, time-consuming court battles.Recognized for his success as well as his impeccable professionalism and outstanding commitment to those he serves, Mr. Funk has earned numerous awards and honors from his peers, including recognition from Ingrams Magazine as a Top 20 in their Twenties and Up and Coming Business Leader. He has also received many positive testimonials and referrals from his satisfied clients.A 2002 cum laude graduate of Princeton University, Mr. Funk attended the University of Missouri School of Law, Columbia, where he obtained his Juris Doctor in 2007. While in law school, he served as editor-in-chief of the Missouri Law Review, and he graduated as a member of the Order of the Coif. He is admitted to practice before the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, the District of Kansas, the District of Colorado and the Northern District of Florida.Regarded as a leader in his field, Mr. Funk is also active with the Kansas City Metropolitan Bar Association, the Missouri Association of Trial Attorneys and The Missouri Bar. He is also a member of ImpactKC, and he serves on the board of The Barstow School.
1600 Genessee Street, Suite 860,, Kansas City MO 64102
Jill S. Bollwerk
Attorney Jill S. Bollwerk is a partner with the Bollwerk & Tatlow, LLC, law firm in St. Louis, Missouri. A top-rated trial lawyer with more than 28 years of legal experience, Ms. Bollwerk devotes her practice to advocating on behalf of those who have workers compensation and personal injury claims as well as issues with Social Security Disability. Licensed to practice in Illinois and Missouri, she represents clients throughout Missouri and around the surrounding areas of the greater St. Louis metro region in Illinois.Over the course of her career, Ms. Bollwerk has gained invaluable experience with automobile and premises liability litigation, workers compensation and SSDI filings and appeals, and other similar matters. She once worked as an insurance defense attorney, so she has a unique insight into the industry. This helps her devise the most effective strategies possible aimed at helping her clients obtain the full amount of compensation they deserve.At all turns, Ms. Bollwerk delivers compassionate, personalized counsel to her clients and responds to their calls and emails promptly to address their questions and concerns and to provide updates as to the status of their cases. Recognized for her professionalism and her unwavering commitment to those she serves, she has earned an AV Preeminent peer review rating from Martindale-Hubbell along with numerous other accolades from her peers and many positive testimonials and referrals from her satisfied clients.After graduating in the top 5 percent of her class from Southern Illinois University — Carbondale in 1988, Ms. Bollwerk attended Saint Louis University School of Law, where she obtained her Juris Doctor in 1991. The Missouri Bar admitted her to practice that same year, and the Illinois State Bar Association admitted her in 1993. She is also admitted to practice before the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri and the Southern District of Illinois, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 8th Circuit.Highly active in her field, Ms. Bollwerk is a member of the Missouri Association of Trial Attorneys, where she co-chairs the organizations Emergency Response Team. She is also a member of the National Organization of Social Security Claimants Representatives, the Workers Injury Law & Advocacy Group and The Bar Association of Metropolitan St. Louis, among her other professional affiliations. Furthermore, she has several publications to her credit regarding workers compensation litigation, jury selection, subrogation, effectively establishing a solo practice and other subjects.AV®, AV Preeminent®, Martindale-Hubbell Distinguished and Martindale-Hubbell Notable are certification marks used under license in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards and policies. Martindale-Hubbell® is the facilitator of a peer review rating process. Ratings reflect the anonymous opinions of members of the bar and the judiciary. Martindale-Hubbell® Peer Review Rating™ fall into two categories – legal ability and general ethical standards.
Andrew M. Friedman
Andrew M. Friedman is one of the founding partners at the law firm of Friedman Sanchez, LLP, in Brooklyn, New York. Working in the areas of personal injury, medical malpractice, health care and civil rights, he represents clients in Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx and Manhattan.In his more than 20 years of legal practice, Mr. Friedman has represented many people who were injured in car or public transportation accidents and workers hurt in construction accidents. His medical malpractice clients come to him with a variety of complex issues, including anesthesia errors, misdiagnoses, surgical errors, dental malpractice and birth injuries.Since co-founding Friedman Sanchez, LLP, in 1993, Mr. Friedman and his firm have earned reputations for success. He has helped numerous clients to recover significant settlements or verdicts in a variety of types of cases. In one construction accident case, he helped an injured worker to recover a settlement of $1.2 million. In a medical malpractice case, he helped a family to recover a jury verdict of $1.1 million.Mr. Friedman earned his bachelors degree from Northwestern University and also holds a masters degree in public health from Harvard University. He earned his law degree from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law. He is licensed to practice in the state courts of New York and California, as well as in the U.S. district courts for the southern and eastern districts of New York.Active in professional organizations, Mr. Friedman is a member of the Brooklyn Bar Association, the New York State Bar Association and the New York Trial Lawyers Association. Committed to advocating for the civil rights of his clients, he belongs to the Alliance for Justice, an organization dedicated to ensuring that all citizens have the right to pursue justice in the legal system.
Ira H. Goldfarb
Ira H. Goldfarb is the senior partner at Friedman, Levy, Goldfarb & Green, P.C. located in New York, New York, and serving clients throughout the 10107 zip code area. He focuses his practice on plaintiffs personal injury litigation, helping people who have been harmed in matters including products liability, medical malpractice, construction site accidents, motor vehicle collisions, premises liability and wrongful death. Some of his successes have included a $20 million jury verdict in a case in which a persons colon damage was not detected during a colonoscopy, a $4.98 million award in a motor vehicle accident and a $3.5 million jury verdict in a case involving dental malpractice.As an undergraduate, Mr. Goldfarb attended what is now known as the University at Buffalo, receiving a Bachelor of Arts in economics in 1975. Staying on campus, he pursued his legal studies at SUNY Buffalo Law School and was awarded his Juris Doctor in 1978. Mr. Goldfarb started his legal career as a special assistant attorney general with the Office of the Special Prosecutor for New York State before entering private practice in 1982. Admitted to practice in New York, Mr. Goldfarb is also admitted to practice before the U.S. District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit, and the United States Tax Court.Highly regarded by his fellow professionals, as attested to his receipt of an AV Preeminent peer review rating through Martindale-Hubbell, Mr. Goldfarb is an active participant in several legal organizations. His memberships include the New York State Trial Lawyers Association, the American Association for Justice and the Association of the Bar of the City of New York.AV®, AV Preeminent®, Martindale-Hubbell Distinguished and Martindale-Hubbell Notable are certification marks used under license in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards and policies. Martindale-Hubbell® is the facilitator of a peer review rating process. Ratings reflect the anonymous opinions of members of the bar and the judiciary. Martindale-Hubbell® Peer Review Rating™ fall into two categories – legal ability and general ethical standards.
Over 30 years experience fiercly advocating for clients rights and ensuring that they get the best possible results. Member of the NYS Trial Lawyers Association. Admitted in New Jersey. Extensive civil trial experience with the ability and knowledge to take on the insurance carriers, the City and State of New York, as well as the government. Every client is treated with the respect and attention they so justly deserve and are entitled to and no stone left unturned in the pursuit of justice on their behalf. Executive director of the Borough Cup, Inc. a not for profit organization designed to bring baseball back to the inner city and its children. Involved with multiple charities and citizens groups including the 69th NYC Police Precinct Community Council.
Traci M. Hinden
Ms. Hinden grew up in a family of lawyers and advocates for the underdogs of the world. Her fathers firm, The Law Offices of Hinden and Breslavsky, represents injured workers in Southern California, so it was only natural that she would follow in his footsteps. Ms. Hindens practice focuses primarily on: plaintiffs side employment and civil rights claims (including harassment, retaliation, discrimination, whistle-blowing, wage and hour, defamation and privacy claims- for individuals and on a class basis), representation of providers in workers compensation, and personal injury plaintiffs. Ms. Hinden believes in those seen as having a small voice and enjoys giving them a much louder projection. She regularly counsels disabled persons and persons of other suspect classes (those who have been discriminated against based on race, ethnicity, religion, sex, pregnancy, gender, or gender identity, national origin, veteran status, denial of leave to take care of self or another) regarding their rights at work. Ms. Hinden previously made the ,Rising Stars, list in 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and now 2017 as well as Rising Stars Top female attorneys of 2014. She holds a 10.0 superb rating out of 10 on www.avvo.com. Ms. Hinden is also certified as a mediator. Ms. Hinden is also a certified mediator. She is available to handle all types of disputes. Please inquire with us for rates and specifics.
After seven years at one of the Nations top product liability and personal injury law firms, the last two years as a partner, Rob opened his own law firm in 2009, eventually renamed Sullivan Law LLC in 2013. Throughout his legal career, Rob has handled wrongful death cases, as well as serious injury cases in a variety of areas, including products liability, railroad crossing accidents and automotive negligence. Robs practice is exclusively dedicated to representing injured persons and their families and is primarily focused in the area of products liability, trucking and railroad crossing litigation. As lead counsel, Rob has obtained a number of favorable results on behalf of injured people and their families. Rob was counsel in a 2005 verdict against Ford Motor Company where his client was awarded $17 million in damages due to a defect in a Ford vehicle; at the time, the highest personal injury award ever in Jacksonville, Florida. In addition, Rob obtained a seven-figure verdict against Ryder Truck Rental that was listed as one of the Top 20 verdicts of 2006 in Missouri. Rob also represented a family that was awarded a $7 million wrongful death verdict in a trucking case in Arkansas Federal Court in 2011, one of the highest wrongful death awards ever in that venue. Rob obtained another record verdict when his client was awarded a $15 million verdict in a boat explosion case, the highest plaintiffs verdict in Missouri for 2014 and the highest personal injury verdict ever awarded in that venue. In 2015 Rob obtained another record verdict with a $2.5 million award against Ryobi in a wrongful death case involving a lawnmower explosion in the Federal District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, a notoriously difficult venue for injury cases. In 2016, in Kansas City, Rob obtained a verdict against CrossFit Inc. becoming the first attorney ever to secure a verdict holding the international CrossFit Inc. responsible for injuries to a participant at one its 15,000+ worldwide affiliates. Rob is a member of the Million Dollar Advocates Forum and has been selected as a Top 100 Litigator every year since 2007 by The American Trial Lawyers Association. The cases Rob has been involved in have resulted in settlements or verdicts in excess of $100 million. Rob is a former member of the Board of Governors for the Missouri Association of Trial Attorneys, serving for over ten years, and is the former Chair of the Executive Committee for the Railroad Law Section of the American Association for Justice. He is also a member of the Southern Trial Lawyers Association and the American Association for Justice. Rob has had numerous speaking engagements on a local and national level and has published several articles including articles published in the national publication Trial Magazine. Rob currently handles cases from coast to coast, including cases in Missouri, Maryland, Florida, Tennessee, Arkansas, Minnesota, Kansas, California, Oklahoma, Vermont and Illinois.
1600 Baltimore Avenue, Suite 200,, Kansas City MO 64108
J. Kevin Holmes
Kevin Holmes has a sign hanging over his sink that reads, I wasnt born in the South but got here as quick as I could.He moved to Columbia in 1975 right after he graduated from Rutgers University School of Law. When he passed the South Carolina bar exam, he took a job working with then Senator Isadore E. Lourie, the Speaker Pro Tem of the South Carolina Senate and champion of the rights of working men and women of our State. It was during his time with Senator Lourie that he won the landmark case of Marquard v. Columbia Pacific Mills which was the first time a cotton mill worker was awarded death benefits for the lung disease called byssinosis or brown lung. The case broke the stranglehold the political Medical Panel had on denying benefits to mill workers and made it easier for all workers to receive workers compensation benefits for occupational diseases.Kevin moved to Charleston and joined the Steinberg Law Firm, in 1979 where he has practiced ever since. He became a partner in the firm in 1985. He says, I choose to come work for the Steinberg Law Firm because its founder, Irving Steinberg, was also recognized as being a champion for the rights of working men and women. Irving Steinberg helped write South Carolinas first workers compensation statute and get it passed into law by the Legislature in 1936.”,Kevin has 42 years experience trying civil and criminal cases in the State and Federal Courts of South Carolina. He is a member of the bar of the State of South Carolina, the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, the Fourth Circuit Federal Court of Appeals, and the United States Supreme Court. He has tried 38 homicide cases, including two death penalty murder cases. He has tried hundreds of civil trials in State and Federal court earning him a membership in the prestigious American Board of Trial Advocates. It isnt enough to be a good trial lawyer,Kevin explains, A good lawyer must also be prepared to fight their clients case on appeal.” Since joining the Steinberg Law Firm he has won numerous important Supreme Court cases expanding and protecting the rights of injured persons. You can review a list of his cases on our firm web page.Kevin currently serves on the Board of the Charleston County Bar Association and has served several terms on the Board of Governors of the South Carolina Association for Justice. He has been continuously recognized by the Million Dollar Advocates, Best Lawyers in America for both personal injury and workers compensation, and Top Lawyers. He is also been active in our community having served the boards of numerous charitable organizations. He is married to Mary Hiott Holmes and they have five children.
Richard N. Laminack
Richard N. Laminack is managing partner and co-founder of Laminack, Pirtle & Martines, a personal injury law firm located in Houston, Texas. Mr. Laminack and his team are committed to providing superior litigation services to their clients throughout the Houston area. Having achieved national recognition for his record-breaking verdicts and settlements, Mr. Laminack focuses his practice on civil litigation, products liability, mass torts and complex litigation, as well as commercial litigation for local business owners.Mr. Laminack was already showing promise as a future litigator while completing his education. Before receiving his Juris Doctor in 1987 from South Texas College of Law Houston, he earned a Bachelor of Science from Lamar University in 1984. Mr. Laminack graduated magna cum laude from law school, where he served as president of the student bar association, was elected to the Order of Barristers and was a member of the Phi Delta Phi honor society. Additionally, his mock trial and moot court advocacy teams won numerous state and national awards. Mr. Laminack is admitted to practice law in the state of Texas, as well as before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims.Attorneys who are fully dedicated to upholding the highest legal standards and ethics understand the importance of involvement in the legal community. As such, Mr. Laminack is an active member of numerous bars and associations, including the State Bar of Texas, the American Bar Association and the American Association for Justice. Currently, he serves as director of D.A.R.E. in Houston.
Robert D. Howell
Robert D. Robb Howell is one of the founding partners of Howell Law Firm, P.C.. He handles catastrophic and high-stakes injury cases, medical malpractice, pharmaceutical lawsuits and business litigation. From his offices in Moultrie, Thomasville, and Albany, Georgia, he represents clients throughout the state and the southeast. He also maintains an Atlanta office and as serves as Of-Counsel to the firm of Conley Griggs Partin, LLP.Due to his dedicated representation and trial skills, Mr. Howell has obtained many seven-figure and eight-figure recoveries on behalf of his clients. Since opening in February, 2006, Howell Law Firm has recovered well over $70,000,000 for clients who were injured or harmed by the negligence of others. Robb has been particularly successful in securing large recoveries for his clients in small, rural and traditionally-conservative venues. For example,, i,n May, 2014, Mr. Howell was lead counsel in a medical malpractice trial in Lowndes County Superior Court which resulted in a record-setting verdict of $1,811,377.09 for his client. This was the highest personal injury jury verdict in the history of Lowndes County, Georgia at the time. Mr. Howells verdict in this trial was featured as one of the top verdicts in Georgia in 2014 by the Daily Report on July 31, 2015.In January, 2017, Mr. Howell was lead counsel in another record-setting trial verdict in Lowndes County, Georgia. In that case, Mr. Howell secured a $10 million dollar verdict on behalf of his client who sufferred a brain injury from a fall at South Georgia Medical Center. This verdict was reported as the largest ever for a plaintiff in this venue and far surpassed the previous record verdict (also Mr. Howells) from 2014.His successes have earned him an AV rating, and he has been selected by his peers as a Top Lawyer/Rising Star in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 and as a Top Lawyer ever year from 2016 to 2019. Mr. Howell was also honored as a Top 100 Trial Lawyer by the American Trial Lawyers Association for the years 2010-2012 and received regonitition by that organization as one of the Top 40 Trial Lawyers in the State of Georgia under the age of 40. Mr. Howell was recognized on August 31, 2012 as The Best Attorney In Moultrie Georgia by the Moultrie Observer.As an active member of his legal community, Mr. Howell serves on the Executive Committee of the Georgia Trial Lawyers Association and is a member of GTLAs Political Action Committee Board. He is a past Chief Volunteer Officer of the Colquitt County Boys and Girls Club and is also a member of the State Bar of Georgia, the Moultrie Bar Association, the American Bar Association, the Southern Trial Lawyers Association and the American Association for Justice. Mr. Howell graduated magna cum laude from Valdosta State University in 1994. Four years later, he received his law degree from the University of Georgia School of Law, graduating cum laude. While in law school, he was the chairman of the Moot Court Board and an active participant in the law schools prestigious moot court program, winning several titles and awards for his work.CV, BV, and AV are registered certification marks of Reed Elsevier Properties Inc. used in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards, and policies. Martindale-Hubbell is the facilitator of a peer review rating process. Ratings reflect the confidential opinions of members of the Bar and the judiciary. Martindale-Hubbell ratings fall into two categories - legal ability and general ethical standards.